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Public Health Dentistry End 8-24-2012
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Infection Prevention and Safety   l   In The News   l   Other Safety Resources

 


 


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Infection Prevention and Safety


 

 

State oral health programs have a shared responsibility for the safe delivery of oral health care. ASTDD is partnering with the Organization for Safety, Asepsis and Prevention (OSAP) to link states to technical assistance, educational materials, information on policy development and other resources on infection prevention and safety.

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In the News


During April 2012, influenza activity was winding down in the Northern Hemisphere. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended changing two of the three strains in next season's influenza vaccine for the Northern Hemisphere. This ends several years of stability in the vaccine's makeup. Click here for further information. Click here to access the full report on strain selection.
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In the April 20 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published Human Papillomavirus–Associated Cancers — United States, 2004–2008. This report contains an updated statistical count on the prevalence of oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) - associated cancers in the United States. Oropharyngeal cancers, described as being located at the base of the tongue, tonsils and other oropharynx, ranked the second most common after cervical cancer. Click here to access a related article in the ADA News.
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In a separate study published on April 26 in Head and Neck Oncology, Delta Dental of Michigan's Research and Data Institute found that oral, orapharyngeal, and salivary gland cancers may be the most costly cancers to treat in the United States. Click here for more information. Click here to access the journal abstract.
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In a report published in the April 20 issue of the MMWR, officials of the CDC said that in 2011 the United States saw the highest number of measles cases in 15 years, four times higher than a typical year. Many of the cases were linked to foreign travel, especially to Europe. Click here for more information. Click here to access the OSAP Issue Page for Measles.
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In a study released on April 10 and published early online in the journal Cancer, researchers concluded that dental x-rays could possibly increase the risk for meningioma, the most common type of brain tumor. Click here for more information. In response, the American Dental Association (ADA) issued a statement emphasizing that radiation exposure should be minimized.
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The Burden of Oral Disease Among Older Adults and Implications for Public Health Priorities was recently published in the American Journal of Public Health. Many older adults experience poor oral health. The findings suggest public health priorities that include better integration of oral health into medical care, implementing community programs to promote healthy behaviors and improve access to preventive services, developing a comprehensive strategy to address the oral health needs of the homebound and long-term-care residents, and assessing the feasibility of ensuring a safety net that covers preventive and basic restorative services to eliminate pain and infection.
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The International and American Associations for Dental Research have published two studies about dental caries in children. A new classification is proposed. Click here for further information.

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Be sure to bookmark www.HIVdent.orgThe Internet's HIV/AIDS Oral Healthcare Resource.
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For further information about Infection Prevention and Safety Guidelines, Education and Training, Policies and Other Resources see the Organization for Safety, Asepsis and Prevention.
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A non-profit organization, OSAP is a unique group of dental practitioners, allied healthcare workers, industry representatives, and other interested persons with a collective mission to promote infection control and related science-based health and safety policies and practices. OSAP supports this commitment to dental workers and the public through quality education and information dissemination. OSAP is a trusted source of information for dental educators, consultants, clinicians, researchers and policy makers that provides timely updates, advanced education, innovative training tools, referenced answers to vexing infection control questions and proven strategies to address compliance challenges. Its checklists, issue foci and position papers provide practical, scientifically sound information and recommendations on specific issues like H1N1, dental unit water quality, "green" infection control, instrument processing, surface asepsis, percutaneous injuries, and much more.

Examples of some of the tools include:
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OSAP Infection Control Considerations for Dental Services in Sites Using Portable Equipment or Mobile Vans - Site Analysis
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OSAP Infection Control Checklist for Dental Programs Using Mobile Vans or Portable Dental Equipment
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Other Safety Resources

 


 

Other safety issues include ergonomics, eye protection, use of visible light cure units, noise control, handling of dental mercury, ventilation, nitrous oxide, radiation from dental x-rays, etc.

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American Dental Association
ADA resources on infection control
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Association of State & Territorial Dental Directors
ASTDD and OSAP are working cooperatively to ingegrate infection control and safety throughout ASTDD's policies, best practices and other resources.  Click HERE to see the implementation plan for this integration process.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDC has a worker health and safety webpage
See also CDC Emergency Response Guide that recently was updated
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Numerous resources and a searchable database
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OSAP Emergency Preparedness Issue Toolkit
A collection of emergency preparedness resources and information
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Safety and Health Topics for Dentistry from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA standards and directives related to dentistry
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Safety Net Dental Clinic Manual, Chapter 4, Section VIII
Numerous resources that apply to dental and other healthcare settings
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USAF Dental Evaluation and Consultation Service (DECS)
Numerous resources that apply to dental and other healthcare settings
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