| FAQ - Diseases and Disease Agents - Archived Through 2012
Are there any states or institutions that require notification to patients if the healthcare worker is positive for viral hepatitis, HIV, or other infectious diseases?
In 1991, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations on this issue were published.(1) Subsequently, Congress mandated that each state implement the CDC guidelines or equivalent as a condition for continued federal public health funding to that state. Although all states have complied with this mandate, there is a fair degree of state-to-state variation regarding specific provisions. Local or state public health officials should be contacted to determine the regulations or recommendations applicable in a given area. A Hospital Infection Control practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) document titled "Guideline for infection control in health care personnel, 1998" can provide more information.(2)
(1) CDC. Recommendations for Preventing Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis B Virus to Patients During Exposure-Prone Invasive Procedures. MMWR Mordbi Mortal Weekly Rep 1991;40(RR-8). Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00014845.htm
(2) Bolyard EA, Tablan OC, Williams WW, Pearson ML,a Shapiro CN, Deitchman SD,c and The Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for infection control in health care personnel, 1998. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/gl_hcpersonnel.html