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2009 H1N1Toolkit

2009 H1N1 Influenza A Virus Toolkit



Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. In 2009 a strain of swine flu called H1N1 infected many people around the world.

The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.
There are antiviral medicines you can take to prevent or treat swine flu. There is a vaccine available to protect against swine flu. You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza by
  • Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners.
  • Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.
  • Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • Staying home from work or school if you are sick.

    Source: MedlinePlus


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Regulations & Guidelines                     


Information on Swine H1N1 Flu Clinical and Public Health GuidanceInfluenza/Variant Influenza Viruses


H1N1 (originally referred to as Swine Flu)


H1N1 influenza (Swine flu)

 CDC Prevention of 2009 H1N1 Influenza Transmission in Dental Health Care Settings
 CDC H1N1 Flu Clinical and Public Health Guidance
 EPA Antimicrobial Products Registered for Use Against the H1N1 Flu and Other Influenza A Viruses on Hard Surfaces
 NIOSH Occupational Health Issues Associated with H1N1 Influenza Virus (Swine Flu)

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Best Practices                  
Key Learnings as of July 2015

Exposure to 2009 H1N1 influenza virus occurs in household, community, and occupational settings, and transmission is thought to occur through droplet exposure of mucosal surfaces; through indirect contact, usually via the hands, with respiratory secretions from an infectious patient or contaminated surface; and through inhalation of small particle aerosols in the vicinity of the infectious individual.

Source: CDC

Related Articles

(1) Transmission of Avian Influenza A Viruses Between Animals and People

(2) H1N1 2009 Pandemic Influenza

(3) Respiratory Protection for Healthcare Workers in the Workplace Against Novel H1N1 Influenza A: A Letter Report 

(4) Study Finds Inadequate Mask Use Among Healthcare Workers Early in 2009 H1N1 Outbreak

(5) Swine-origin H1N1 influenza A virus and dental practice: a critical review


(1) Frequently Asked Questions on human infection caused by the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus

(2) H1N1 (originally referred to as Swine Flu)

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Instructional Resources                  
Fact Sheets

(1) Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette in Healthcare Settings

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Patient Resources               



Colds and the Flu | H1N1 Influenza

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