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Hand Hygiene Toolkit
 Hand Hygiene Toolkit




Hand hygiene is a general term that applies to routine hand washing, antiseptic hand wash, antiseptic hand rub, or surgical hand antisepsis.

Hand hygiene substantially reduces potential pathogens on the hands and is considered a primary measure for reducing the risk of transmitting organisms to patients and health care personnel (HCP). Hospital-based studies have shown that noncompliance with hand hygiene practices is associated with health care-associated infections, the spread of multi-resistant organisms, and has been a major contributor to outbreaks. Studies also have shown that the prevalence of health care-associated infections decreased as hand hygiene measures improved.

Indications for hand hygiene include the following:

  • Before and after treating each patient (e.g., before glove placement and after glove removal).
  • After barehanded touching of inanimate objects likely to be contaminated by blood, saliva, or respiratory secretions.
  • Before leaving the dental operatory.
  • When hands are visibly soiled. Before regloving, after removing gloves that are torn, cut, or punctured.
  • For oral surgical procedures, perform surgical hand antisepsis before donning sterile surgical gloves.

Source: CDC

Regulations & Guidelines


(1) Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings --- 2003

(2) Guidelines for Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings Published 2002


(1) WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care

AORN (1) Recommended Practices for Hand Hygiene in the Perioperative Setting

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Best Practices        

Key Learnings as of September 2014

Dental Healthcare Providers should follow hand hygiene practices as outlined in the current CDC guidelines for infection control in dentistry

Related Articles

August 2014 --- The fist bump: A more hygienic alternative to the handshake

June 2014 --- Study finds low hand hygiene compliance rates during anesthesia administration

February 2014 --- One in five US health facilities doesn't put hand sanitizer everywhere needed to prevent
infections, study from WHO and Columbia Nursing finds

July 2013 --- The Right Balance Between Hand Sanitizers and Handwashing

June 2013 ---- June issue of AJIC highlights hand hygiene

August 2011 --- Studies shed light on hand hygiene knowledge and infection risk in hospitals and elementary


(1) CDC - Frequently Asked Questions - Hand Hygiene

(2) CDC -Hand Hygiene Basics

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Instructional Resources

Videos / Interactive Training Materials

(1) CDC - Hand Hygiene Interactive Training Course

(2) WHO - Hand Hygiene Videos in The New England Journal of Medicine in your language

(3) CDC - Hand Hygiene Saves Lives: Patient Admission Video

Image Library

(1) Hand Hygiene Technique Posters

Fact Sheets

(1) CDC – Materials for Healthcare Personnel

(2) WHO - Five Moments for Hand Hygiene

(3) WHO - Tools as reminders in the workplace

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Patient Resources


Materials for Patients

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