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Hepatitis B Toolkit

Hepatitis B Toolkit



Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). The incubation period from the time of exposure to onset of symptoms is 6 weeks to 6 months. HBV is found in highest concentrations in blood and in lower concentrations in other body fluids (e.g., semen, vaginal secretions, and wound exudates). HBV infection can be self-limited or chronic.

In adults, only approximately half of newly acquired HBV infections are symptomatic, and approximately 1% of reported cases result in acute liver failure and death. Risk for chronic infection is inversely related to age at infection: approximately 90% of infected infants and 30% of infected children aged <5 years become chronically infected, compared with 2%–6% of adults. Among persons with chronic HBV infection, the risk for premature death from cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma is 15%–25%. HBV is efficiently transmitted by percutaneous or mucous membrane exposure to infectious blood or body fluids that contain blood. The primary risk factors that have been associated with infection are unprotected sex with an infected partner, birth to an infected mother, unprotected sex with more than one partner, men who have sex with other men (MSM), history of other STDs, and illegal injection drug use.

Source: CDC

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Regulations & Guidelines                     


(1) Hepatitis B Information for Health Professionals

(2) Hepatitis B Information for Health Professionals - Vaccination of Adults

(3) Viral Hepatitis

(4) Recommended Vaccines for Healthcare Workers


(1) Hepatitis 

(2) Hepatitis B


(1) Hepatitis B

VA Hepatitis B Entire Lesson
Hepatitis B Foundation  Home Page
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases  Hepatitis B

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Best Practices                  
Key Learnings as of April 2015

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a bloodborne virus of major concern in dental infection control. HBV transmission in a dental health care setting is rare, particularly since standard precautions and routine vaccinations for dental workers were adopted (1985 and 1987, respectively). There has been no reported transmission from a dental worker to a patient since 1987. Source: CDC

Related Articles

(1) Hepatitis B

(2) Healthcare-Associated Hepatitis B and C Outbreaks Reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2008-2014 

(3) A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States


(1) Hepatitis B FAQs for Health Professionals

(2) Hepatitis B FAQs for the Public

(3) Know Hepatitis B Questions and Answers

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Instructional Resources                  
Interactive  Interactive Hepatitis Risk Assessment
 Video A Silent Epidemic: Why Chronic Hepatitis B Matters
Fact Sheets

(1) Know Hepatitis B

(2) Hepatitis B Virus Transmission in a Dental Office

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Patient Resources               

(1) What I need to know about Hepatitis B

(2) Hepatitis B Information for the Public

(3) Patient Education Resources

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