measles dental dentistry infection control
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This thin-section transmission electron micrograph reveals the ultrastructural appearance of a single virus particle, or "virion", of measles virus.This patient presented on the third pre-eruptive day with "Koplik spots" indicative of the beginning onset of measles. In the prodromal or beginning stages, on the signs of the onset of measles is the eruption of "Koplik spots" on the mucosa of the cheeks and tongue, which appear as irregularly-shaped, bright red spots often with a bluish-white central dot.

Eyes of a child with measles.

This was a patient who presented with Koplik's spots on palate due to pre-eruptive measles on day 3 of the illness.

Image Credits: CDC

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Background

Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus. The disease of measles and the virus that causes it share the same name. The disease is also called rubeola.

Measles causes fever, runny nose, cough and a rash all over the body. About one out of 10 children with measles also gets an ear infection, and up to one out of 20 gets pneumonia. For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die. Other rash-causing diseases often confused with measles include roseola (roseola infantum) and rubella (German measles).

Click here for an overview of the measles disease.

(Source:CDC)

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