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Zika Virus
 Zika Virus Disease

 

OVERVIEW  | REGULATIONS & GUIDELINES | BEST PRACTICES | INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES | PATIENT RESOURCES  


Overview

Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. Source: CDC  On July 29, 2016, Florida confirmed the local spread of four Zika cases. Puerto Rico has also experienced a rapid increase in Zika transmission rates since February 2016. 

Regulations & Guidelines

CDC

(1) Zika Virus

(2) Information for Healthcare Providers 

WHO

(1) Zika Virus

AMA  Ziks Virus Resource Center

 
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Best Practices






 

 

 

Key Learnings as of September 2016

Health care personnel should adhere to Standard Precautions in every health care setting. Standard Precautions are designed to protect health care personnel and to prevent them from spreading infections to patients. They are based on the premise that all blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat), nonintact skin, and mucous membranes might contain transmissible infectious agents and include 1) hand hygiene, 2) use of personal protective equipment (PPE), 3) respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, 4) safe injection practices, and 5) safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment (6). Because patients with Zika virus infection might be asymptomatic, Standard Precautions should be in place at all times, regardless of whether the infection is suspected or confirmed. Health care personnel should assess the potential for exposure to potentially infectious material during health care delivery and protect themselves accordingly, based on the level of clinical interaction with the patient and the physical distance at which care is provided (6). In addition, health care providers should use soap and water or alcohol-based products (gels, rinses, foams), at a minimum, before and after a patient contact and after removing PPE, including gloves (6). Source: CDC 

For ongoing updates, check the CDC Zika Virus webpage for healthcare providers. 

 Publications

(1) Resources and Publications

(2) CIDRAP - Zika 


FAQs

(1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

(2) WHO

 
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Instructional Resources
Videos/Webcasts

(1) What is Zika Virus Disease?

(2) Zika Virus — What Clinicians Need to Know

(3) Dr. Ana Lopez comments on recent visit by CDC Director, Dr. Frieden, to Puerto Rico

(4) Interview with Dr. Cláudio Maierovitch P. Henriques

 
Fact Sheets

 CDC - Fact Sheets and Posters

 WHO - Fact Sheet

Articles

From MedlinePlus

From CIDRAP


Image Library

Images from CDC - Search for Zika Virus

 
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Patient Resources

Travel

(1) Zika Affected Areas

(2) Zika Travel Information

Information 

For Pregnant Women
MedlinePlus   Zika Virus

 
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