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Sharps Safety/Postexposure Management Archived Through 2012
 FAQ - Sharps Safety/Postexposure Management - Archived Through 2012



Based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis, what details must the employer include in an incident report? 

Because many factors contribute to the risk of infection after an occupational exposure to blood, it is important that the following information be included in the exposure report, recorded in the exposed person's confidential medical record, and provided to the qualified healthcare professional: 

date and time of exposure; 
details of the procedure being performed, including where and how the exposure occurred and if the exposure involved a sharp device, the type of device and how and when during its handling the exposure occurred; 
details of the exposure, including the type and amount of fluid or material and the severity of the exposure. For a percutaneous injury, this would include the depth of the wound, gauge of the needle, and whether fluid was injected; for a skin or mucous membrane exposure, the estimated volume of material, duration of contact, and the condition of the skin (e.g., chapped, abraded, or intact); 
details about the exposure source -- whether the source material contained HIV or other bloodborne pathogens, and, if the source was infected with HIV, the stage of disease, history of antiretroviral therapy, and viral load, if known; and 
details about counseling, postexposure management, and follow-up (1) 
(1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis. MMWR Morbid Mortal weekly Rep 2001;50(RR-11). Available at 


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