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COVID - 19 Toolkit

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Toolkit



Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS, SARS, and now with COVID-19.

COVID-19 is thought to spread mainly through close contact from person-to-person. Some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus. We are still learning about how the virus spreads and the severity of illness it causes.

Person-to-person spread
The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
• Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
• Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.
• These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
• COVID-19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

The virus spreads easily between people
How easily a virus spreads from person-to-person can vary. Some viruses are highly contagious, like measles, while other viruses do not spread as easily. Another factor is whether the spread is sustained, which means it goes from person-to-person without stopping.

The virus that causes COVID-19 is spreading very easily and sustainably between people. Information from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic suggests that this virus is spreading more efficiently than influenza, but not as efficiently as measles, which is highly contagious. In general, the more closely a person interacts with others and the longer that interaction, the higher the risk of COVID-19 spread.

The virus may be spread in other ways
It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. This is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads, but we are still learning more about how this virus spreads. Source: CDC 

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Regulations & Guidelines                     



(1) Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

(2) Information for Healthcare Professionals

(3) Interim Guidance

(4) Health Alert Network (HAN)

(5) Infection Control

(6) Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA)

(7) Criteria for Return to Work for Healthcare Personnel with Confirmed or Suspected COVID-19 (Interim Guidance)

(8) CDC Releases Interim Reopening Guidance For Dental Settings - August 28, 2020

(9) Interim Infection Prevention and Control Guidance for Dental Settings During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic - August 28, 2020

(10) Implementing Filtering Facepiece Respirator (FFR) Reuse, Including Reuse after Decontamination, When There Are Known Shortages of N95 Respirators

(11) CDC Launches New Weekly COVID-19 Surveillance Report - News Release April 3, 2020

(12) Framework for Healthcare Systems Providing Non-COVID-19 Clinical Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic - June 30, 2020

(13) Webinar Recording and Slides - Guidance for Dental Settings During the COVID-19 Response - June 3, 2020


(1) Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak

(2)  WHO declares the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic

(3) Q&A: Similarities and differences – COVID-19 and influenza


(1) COVID-19 - Control and Prevention /Dentistry Workers and Employers - May 1, 2020

(2) COVID-19

(3) Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19 - News Release March 9, 2020

(4) Prevent Worker Exposure to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

(5) U.S. Department Of Labor Issues Guidance for Respirators Certified under Other Countries' Standards During COVID-19 Pandemic - News Release April 3, 2020

(6) U.S. Department of Labor Publishes New OSHA Poster Aimed At Reducing Workplace Exposure to the Coronavirus -  News Release April 6, 2020

(7) Interim Enforcement Response Plan for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - April 13, 2020

(8) U.S. Department of Labor Issues Additional Respirator Guidance for Healthcare during the Coronavirus Pandemic - April 24, 2020

(9) U.S. Department of Labor Offers New Video and Poster On Proper Workplace Use of Respirators - May 5, 2020

(10) Putting on and Taking off a Mask

(11) Seven Steps to Correctly Wear a Respirator at Work

(12) U.S. Department Of Labor Issues Alert To Help Keep Dental Industry Practitioners Safe During The Coronavirus Pandemic - May 11, 2020

(13) Hospital Respiratory Protection Program Toolkit

(14) U.S. Department of Labor Issues Frequently Asked Questions and Answers About Face Coverings, Surgical Masks and Respirators in the Workplace - June 10, 2020

(15) Understanding Compliance with OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic


(1)  List of Disinfectants to Use Against COVID-19 - News Release

(2) List N: Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2

(3)  EPA Expediting Emerging Viral Pathogens Claim Submissions - News Release

(4) Frequent Questions Related to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

(5) EPA approves first surface disinfectant products tested on the SARS-CoV-2 virus - News Release

 ECRICOVID-19 (Coronavirus) Outbreak Preparedness Center

(1) ADA - OSAP Webinar on COVID-19 Infection Control Protocols and Procedures

(2) ADA - OSAP Webinar on Respiratory Protection in the Era of COVID-19

(3) ADA Coronavirus Center for Dentists

(4) Video -  American Dental Association Offers Coronavirus Resources for Dentists

(5) ADA recommending dentists postpone elective procedures

(6) JADA - COVID-19 Resources

(7) Current data on COVID-19

(8) ADA releases interim guidance on minimizing COVID-19 transmission risk when treating dental emergencies - April 1, 2020

(9) ADA Urges Dentists to Heed April 30 Interim Postponement Recommendation, Maintain Focus on Urgent and Emergency Dental Care Only - April 1, 2020

(10) COVID-19 Transmission and Emergency Care Q&A - April 8, 2020

(11) COVID-19 State Mandates and Recommendations 

(12) What to Do if Someone on Your Staff Tests Positive for COVID-19

(13) Interim Mask and Face Shield Guidelines

(14) HIPAA Guidance Relating to Community Based Testing Sites

(15) Return to Work Interim Guidance Toolkit - Updated July 23, 2020

(16) Tips to Avoid Counterfeit Masks

(17) FDA removes Emergency Use Authorization for some KN95 masks - May 15, 2020

(18) Conducting Respirator Fit Tests and Seal Checks

(19) Products marketed to sanitize, reduce dental aerosols may lack research to support efficacy - May 22, 2020

(20) ADA offers steps to take if patient tests positive for COVID-19 after appointment - June 3, 2020

(21) Patient communication resource center available to help welcome patients back - July 7, 2020

(22) Protocols to Follow if a Staff or Household Member is COVID-19(+)

(23) Tips for Handling Mask Non-Compliance

(24) Summary of Reporting Work-Related COVID-19 Illnesses for OSHA

 IDSACOVID-19 Resource Center
 NIHCoronavirus (COVID-19)
IADRJournal of Dental Research Publishes Guidelines  Concerning Coronavirus (COVID-19) From Rearchers Based in Wuhan, China

(1) COVID-19 Resources For Dental Educators

(2) A Pandemic Resource Guide for Dental Education

 AAPDCOVID-19 Update/Coronavirus Update
 AGD COVID-19 Information
Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario

(2) COVID-19: Memo from the CMOH re: Aerosol-Generating Dental Procedures

American Association of EndodontistsConsiderations for Dental and Endodontic Care Amid COVID-19
The Joint Commission

(1) Coronavirus

(2) Coronavirus (COVID-19) 

 HRSACoronavirus (COVID-19) Information

(1)  Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

(2)  FAQs on 3D Printing of Medical Devices, Accessories, Components, and Parts During the COVID-19 Pandemic

(3) Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Reissues Emergency Use Authorizations Revising Which Types of Respirators Can Be Decontaminated for Reuse - June 7, 2020

(4) Webinar Series - FDA’s Regulation of Face Masks and Surgical Masks During the COVID-19 Pandemic

(5) Is Your Hand Sanitizer on FDA’s List of Products You Should Not Use?

 AAOMS COVID-19 Updates

(1) COVID-19 Information for the Workplace

(2) The Need for Fit Testing During Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreaks

(3) Respiratory Protection During Outbreaks: Respirators versus Surgical Masks

(4) Counterfeit Respirators / Misrepresentation of NIOSH-Approval

(5) Understanding the Use of Imported Non-NIOSH-Approved Respirators

(6) Factors to Consider When Planning to Purchase Respirators from Another Country

(7) Webinar - Factors to Consider when Purchasing Respirators From Another Country

(8) NPPTL Respirator Assessments to Support the COVID-19 Response - 
International Assessment Results – Not NIOSH-approved

(9) NPPTL Respirator Assessments to Support the COVID-19 Response

(10) PPE Concerns?

(11) Proper N95 Respirator Use for Respiratory Protection Preparedness

(12) Hospital Respiratory Protection Program Toolkit

(13) Considerations for Covering N95s to Extend Use

(14) Preparing Solutions for Qualitative Fit Testing from Available Chemicals

(15) Skin Irritation from Prolonged Use of Tight-Fitting Respirators

(16) Hazard Communication For Disinfectants Used Against Viruses

(17) PPE CASE - Filtration Efficiency Performance of Non-NIOSH-Approved International Respiratory Protective Devices: Phase One

(18) Supplementing the Supply of N95s with Reusable Elastomeric Half Mask Respirators

(19) Respiratory Protection vs. Source Control – What’s the difference?

National Academy of MedicineResources to Support the Health and Well-Being of Clinicians During the COVID-19 Outbreak

(1) ADHA COVID-19 Updates for Dental Hygienists

(2) ADHA Releases Interim Guidance on Returning to Work


(1) FDI COVID-19 Resource Library

(2) FDI offers guidance for dentists and dental teams in response to the COVID-19 pandemic

The American Society of Dentist AnesthesiologistsInterim Guidance for Dentist Anesthesiologists Practicing in the Office-Based Setting During the COVID-19 Pandemic
American Dental Assistants AssociationStatement on Infection Control - April, 2020
Cochrane Oral HealthAerosol generating procedures and their mitigation in international guidance documents

(1) ASTM Standards & COVID-19

(2) Standards for Medical Face Masks and Protective Clothing

(3) Choose the right mask

(4) COVID-19 Infographic

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Best Practices                  
Key Learnings

(1) August 28, 2020
CDC -  Interim Infection Prevention and Control Guidance for Dental Settings During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

(2) June 3, 2020
Webinar Recording and Slides - Guidance for Dental Settings During the COVID-19 Response


(3) August 28, 2020
CDC Releases Interim Reopening Guidance For Dental Settings


(4) May 1, 2020
OSHA - COVID-19 - Control and Prevention /Dentistry Workers and Employers

State Specific Information 

COVID-19 State Mandates and Recommendations - List compiled by the ADA. 


(1) California Dental Association

     COVID-19 Testing Resources

(2) Georgia Dental Association

(3) Illinois State Dental Society

(4) Louisiana Dental Association

(5) Massachusetts Dental Society

(6) Michigan Dental Association

(7) New York State Dental Association

(8) North Carolina Dental Society

     North Carolina Oral Health

(9) Ohio Dental Association

(10) Oregon Dental Association

(11) Pennsylvania Dental Association 

(12) Texas Dental Association

(13) Virginia Dental Association 

(14) Washington State Dental

Related Articles

(1) Consistent detection of 2019 novel coronavirus in saliva.

(2) Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS-CoV-2: an observational cohort study

(3) Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19): Implications for Clinical Dental Care

(4) From CIDRAP

(5) Academy of General Dentistry

(6) CDA - Coronavirus and patient screening: Recommended actions for dentists

(7) Aerosol and Surface Distribution of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Hospital Wards, Wuhan, China, 2020

(8) From AAAS - Coronavirus: Research, Commentary, and News

(9) Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents.

(10)  AHRQ - COVID-19 and Dentistry: Challenges and Opportunities for Providing Safe Care


(1) How COVID-19 Spreads

(2) ADA FAQs

(3) EPA - Frequently Asked Questions about List N: Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2

(4) FDA -  FAQs on 3D Printing of Medical Devices, Accessories, Components, and Parts During the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Instructional Resources                  
DentaQuest Partnership With OSAP

Best Practices For Infection Control In Dental Clinics During The COVID-19 Pandemic

(2) July 7, 2020 Webinar and PowerPoint Slides

(3) Dental Patient Care In The Era Of COVID-19

(4) DQP Webinar on Patient Safety: A Guide to Ensuring Effective Communication About Dental Care - Follow up - August 6, 2020


(1) From CDC

(2) From Medscape

Fact Sheets

(1) Print resources from CDC

(2) Q & A on coronaviruses from WHO

(3) APIC Fact Sheet

Coronavirus COVID-19 Global CasesFrom the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)
Institute for Health Metrics and EvaluationCharts show projected hospital resource use based on COVID-19 deaths.
 CDCCOVID-19 Module Data Dashboard – Overview

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Patient Resources               

(1) About COVID-19 

(2) CDC Information for Travel

(3) Prevent the spread of COVID-19 if you are sick

(4) Coughing & Sneezing

(7) People at Risk for Serious Illness from COVID-19

(8)  Mass Gatherings or Large Community Events

(9) Use of Cloth Face Coverings to Help Slow the Spread of COVID-19

(10) Show Me the Science – When & How to Use Hand Sanitizer in Community Settings

(11) Running Essential Errands

(12) How to Select, Wear, and Clean Your Mask

(13) Back-To-College Tips - Protect Yourself from COVID-19

 MedlinePlus Coronavirus Infections Information for parents on coronavirus

U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams

(1) Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 | Five Things To Know About Properly Washing Your Hands

(2) COVID-19 | Surgeon General Jerome Adams with Five Things To Know About Household Cleaning

(3) The Nation’s Doctor to America: #COVIDStopsWithMe

Coronavirus.govCoronavirus (COVID-19)

(1) Children’s story book released to help children and young people cope with COVID-19

(2) Smithsonian Science Education Center With Support of the World Health Organization Launches New COVID-19 Guide for Youth

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