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Influenza Toolkit

Influenza Toolkit

 OVERVIEW  | REGULATIONS & GUIDELINES | BEST PRACTICES | INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES | PATIENT RESOURCES  


Overview             

The flu, also called influenza, is a respiratory infection caused by viruses. Each year, millions of Americans get sick with the flu. Sometimes it causes mild illness. But it can also be serious or even deadly, especially for people over 65, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses.

The flu is caused by flu viruses that spread from person to person. When someone with the flu coughs, sneezes, or talks, they spray tiny droplets. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby. Less often, a person may get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and may include:

     
Fever or feeling feverish/chills
   
 Cough
     
Sore throat
   
 Runny or stuffy nose
     
Muscle or body aches
   
 Headaches
     
Fatigue (tiredness)

Some people may also have vomiting and diarrhea. This is more common in children.

Sometimes people have trouble figuring out whether they have a cold or the flu. There are differences between them. The symptoms of a cold usually come on more slowly and are less severe than symptoms of the flu. Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches.

Sometimes people say that they have a "flu" when they really have something else. For example, "stomach flu" isn't the flu; it's gastroenteritis.

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (via MedlinePlus)

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Regulations & Guidelines                     

CDC

(1) Influenza (Flu) 

(2) Avian Influenza

(3) Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2019

(4) Influenza Vaccination of Health-Care Personnel Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)

WHO

(1) Influenza (Seasonal)

(2) Avian Influenza

MedlinePlus

Flu

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Best Practices                  
Key Learnings 

Because HCP provide care to patients at high risk for complications of influenza, HCP should be considered a high priority for expanding influenza vaccine use. In addition, older HCP (i.e., aged >65 years) and those who have underlying chronic medical conditions or who might be pregnant are at increased risk for influenza-related complications. Source: CDC

Related Articles

From MedlinePlus

FAQs

From MedlinePlus

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Instructional Resources                  
FluView Interactive Information 
Fact Sheets

From MedlinePlus

Flu Prevention Print Materials Brochures, Fact Sheets, Articles, Posters, Stickers, Vaccine Information Statements and More from CDC
Digital Content Resource Content
 Images Downloadable images from CDC

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Patient Resources               
 MedlinePlus

Flu

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