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Zika Virus
 Zika Virus Disease



Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. Source: CDC   

Regulations & Guidelines


(1) Zika Virus

(2) Information for Healthcare Providers

(3) Interim Guidance


 Zika Virus

AMA  Ziks Virus Resource Center

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Best Practices

Key Learnings

To prevent occupationally-acquired infections and reduce the possibility of spreading infectious diseases, including Zika virus, in healthcare settings, HCP should adhere to Standard Precautions for all patient care activities (2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings). Employers must comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard (29 CFR 1910.1030), or similar OSHA State Plan standards, whenever employees have occupational exposure to blood, body fluids, or other potentially infectious materials.  Source: CDC 

For ongoing updates, check the CDC Zika Virus webpage for healthcare providers. 


(1) Resources and Publications

(2) CIDRAP - Zika 


(1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

(2) WHO

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Instructional Resources

(1) What is Zika Virus Disease?

(2) Zika Virus — What Clinicians Need to Know

(3) Dr. Ana Lopez comments on recent visit by CDC Director, Dr. Frieden, to Puerto Rico

(4) Interview with Dr. Cláudio Maierovitch P. Henriques

Fact Sheets

 (1) CDC - Fact Sheets and Posters

 (2) WHO - Fact Sheet


(1) MedlinePlus

(2) From CIDRAP

(3) Study: Zika virus can linger on hard surfaces

CDC  Infographics

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Patient Resources


(1) Zika Affected Areas

(2) Zika Travel Information


For Pregnant Women
MedlinePlus   Zika Virus

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