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Influenza Toolkit

Influenza Toolkit



Influenza (the "flu") is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the US get the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses.

Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include

  • Body or muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat

Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And "stomach flu" isn't really flu at all, but gastroenteritis.

Most people with the flu recover on their own without medical care. People with mild cases of the flu should stay home and avoid contact with others, except to get medical care. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms.

The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. Good hygiene, including hand washing, can also help.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
       (via MedlinePlus)

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Regulations & Guidelines                     


(1) Influenza (Flu) 

(2) Avian Influenza

(3) Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2018

(4) Influenza Vaccination of Health-Care Personnel Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)


(1) Influenza (Seasonal)

(2) Avian Influenza



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Best Practices                  
Key Learnings 

Because HCP provide care to patients at high risk for complications of influenza, HCP should be considered a high priority for expanding influenza vaccine use. In addition, older HCP (i.e., aged >65 years) and those who have underlying chronic medical conditions or who might be pregnant are at increased risk for influenza-related complications. Source: CDC

Patient Education   OSAP can help you to speak to your patients about the importance of getting the influenza vaccine. Click here to access Talking to patients about the Influenza (Flu) vaccine and answering their questions.  
Related Articles

From MedlinePlus


From MedlinePlus

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Instructional Resources                  
FluView Interactive Information 
Fact Sheets

From MedlinePlus

Flu Prevention Print Materials Brochures, Fact Sheets, Articles, Posters, Stickers, Vaccine Information Statements and More from CDC
Mobile Content Mobile App, RSS Feed, Syndicated Content and more from CDC
 Images Downloadable images from CDC

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Patient Resources               


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